Human trafficking is a complex phenomenon, resulting from the involvement of diverse national and transnational factors. Although trafficking in persons is often identified as a part of organized and/or cross-border crime, it also occurs within national boundaries - called internal trafficking. Human trafficking, whether internal or cross-border is inextricably linked with forced, fraudulent or involuntary migration/movement of people, and the end-object of this crime is sexual, labour, or other forms of exploitation. As such, unsafe/irregular migration always runs the risk of human trafficking. Human trafficking is, however, different from human smuggling, which involves international travel/movement and in which the smuggled migrant is not forcibly held once he/she reaches the destination country.
Children (both girls and boys) in large proportion are trafficked for Commercial sexual exploitation. Commercial sexual exploitation is a sector that overwhelmingly recruits and exploits trafficked children. the pimp and employers have advantage of manipulating entry of a large section of the marginalized children into “sex work” who lack livelihood option and are often placed beyond the social safety net (out of stigma etc.). The social stigma has been found to work first of all by pushing the sexually abused children into the network of “commercial sex work” by reducing their social space. Secondly, the stigma pushes the children out of the social and informal human-network which could have worked to rescue and integrate them beyond the trafficking harm. Children are also trafficked for organized begging, brick fields and fish-drying sector in Dublar Char etc. sector in which hard labor, organ mutilation/hard punishment and high exploitation are commonplace.
Although the GOs and NGOs are working on trafficking not much is done with respect to internal trafficking. The general features of the existing services accessed by the children in these sectors reveal that the supports required to rescue and recover the children from the harms of these sectors are either non-existent or very limited in coverage.
A vocal proponent for combating child trafficking, INCIDIN Bangladesh had conducted a study on the demand-supply dynamics of trafficking in children with ILO-IPEC. In 2008, INCIDN Bangladesh conducted a baseline survey on child trafficking with the support of IOM. INCIDIN Bangladesh, with active involvement of ATSEC Bangladesh (a nationwide network of NGOs) have prepared the draft National Plan of Action to Combat Human Trafficking in Bangladesh for the Ministry of Home Affairs with the support of Winrock International for 2015-2017. In this plan (NPA 2015-2017) for Combating Human Trafficking the following goals have been set out:
- Prevention of Human Trafficking, Awareness and Mobilization;
- Protection of Trafficking Victims/Survivors;
- Prosecution of Human Trafficking Offences;
- Development of Partnership, Participation, Co-ordination, & Cross-country Mutual Legal Assistance;
- Development of a Monitoring, Evaluation and Reporting System.
Presently INCIDIN Bangladesh is working as the lead agency of a consortium of NGOs including BNWLA, CPD, Nari Maitree, Rights Jessore and SEEP for implementing a project on the child trafficking issue titled Prevention of Child Trafficking through Strengthening Community and Networking (PCTSCN). The project is funded by Terre des Hommes Netherlands. The project has been initiated in 2015, working on issues such as:
- Awareness on harms of child labour
- Removing the stigma
- Effective implementation of the law
- Facilitating the formulation of an informal sector employment policy
- Psychosocial support
- Urgently health, education and shelter facilities
- Capacity building of the GO and NGOs